Acid suppressors are drugs which suppress the production of acid in the
stomach. These drugs are commonly used for GERD, as well as for other
conditions (such as ulcer) that involve stomach acid. Proton pump
inhibitors and H2-receptor antagonists are types of acid suppressors.
Ambulatory pH monitoring:
Ambulatory pH monitoring is a procedure that measures refluxes from the
stomach and/or the esophagus over a 24- to 48-hour period.
Antacids are drugs commonly used for indigestion and heartburn. Antacids
work by neutralizing acid in the stomach. They generally are not
recommended to treat the frequent heartburn associated with GERD.
Anti-reflux surgery is aimed at modifying the lower esophageal sphincter
to treat the symptoms of GERD.
Where food or liquid passes into the wind-pipe and lungs.
A measure of the energy in food.
Present at birth.
Impairment of control of muscles that produce speech, leading to
weakness or slowness in their movement and resulting in slurring of
speech. Often caused by nerve or brain damage.
Endoscopy is a procedure that allows a physician to visualize the
esophagus and the stomach. Endoscopy can be used to assess the presence
of erosive esophagitis, ulcers, hernias, or abnormal growths.
Erosive esophagitis is a complication of GERD that may result, when the
esophagus is exposed to stomach contents over a long period of time.
Esophageal manometry (also called
Esophageal manometry is a procedure commonly used to determine whether
symptoms such as difficulty swallowing, are related to GERD, or to
another condition. It is also used to preoperatively assess patients who
are undergoing anti-reflux surgery.
The esophagus is the long muscular tube that carries food from the mouth
to the stomach.
The thickness, runniness or lumpiness
The return of food and liquid from the stomach into the oesophagus (the
tube connecting the stomach to the mouth) due to the failure of the
valve at the entrance to the stomach.
Gastroesophageal reflux disease
reflux disease is the rising (reflux) of gastric contents from the
stomach into the esophagus. When a person has GERD, the lower esophageal
sphincter relaxes transiently at random times, allowing gastric contents
from the stomach to reflux into the esophagus.
A doctor who has specialized training in disorders of the gut, including
the oesophagus, stomach, liver and bowel.
The making of an artificial opening into the stomach through which a
specially prepared liquid formula, containing the nutrients normally
available in food, is passed to avoid food having to be taken in by the
Roof of the mouth.
Where the response to stimulation or sensation is too weak.
Where the response to stimulation or
sensation is too strong.
H2-receptor antagonist or
H2-receptor blocker: An
H2-receptor antagonist (or blocker) is a drug that is an acid
suppressor. These drugs prevent a substance called histamine from
stimulating acid production.
Lower esophageal sphincter (LES:
Lower esophageal sphincter is located between the stomach and the
esophagus. When the lower esophageal sphincter does not stay closed
after food has passed through, acid and stomach contents may reflux back
into the esophagus.
Lack of sufficient food, resulting in an unbalanced diet.
A tube inserted through the nose into the stomach.
Problems having to do with the body’s nervous system.
The food requirements of a well-balanced diet.
Re-entry of stomach contents into the oesophagus (the tube connecting
the mouth and the stomach).
To do with the mouth.
To do with muscles involved in chewing and swallowing.
The pH scale measures how acidic or alkaline (basic) a substance is,
with low pH levels being more acidic and high pH levels being more
alkaline. A pH of 4 or less is generally considered to be injurious to
Proton pump inhibitor (PPI):
Proton pump inhibitors are drugs that work by directly preventing
parietal cells in the stomach from producing acid.
Automatic movements, where the same movement occurs in response to the
same stimulation, for example, turning the head to one side causes the
arm and leg on that side of the body to straighten out and the arm and
the leg on the other side of the body to bend.
Reflux refers to the rising of gastric contents from the stomach into
the esophagus due to transient relaxation of the lower esophageal
sphincter at random times.
The paediatric specialist who visits a particular region of Novita and
who may be consulted for problems arising from the child's disability.
The soft part of the roof at the back
of the mouth.
Provision of food to the stomach
through a tube.
Videofluoroscopy: An X-ray
showing the path taken by food and drink during the process of eating
Other pages in
Feeding & Positioning
Tube Feeding Experiences
Feeding tips and tricks
Oral Feeding Experiences